In its extensive investigation into the attacks on the Capitol in January, the Justice Department’s victory on Thursday over four Proud Boys leaders on charges of seditious conspiracies was arguably one of its most important victories. 6, 2021.

Prosecutors took a victory lap, with Attorney General Merrick B. Garland noting that along with the similar convictions of six members of another extremist group — the Oath Keepers militia — a major blow had been struck against two of the country’s most prominent far-right organizations.

And yet on April 23 — one day before closing arguments took place at the Proud Boys trial — fliers blaming Jews for “the rise in transgenderism” Several homes in suburb Atlanta had them in their driveways. As the Proud Boys’ case was going to trial, a neo Nazis group with a swastika flying a swastika banner appeared one week later. protested a drag show Columbus is located in Ohio.

These incidents are just two examples of many similar episodes that have occurred in the past few weeks. And they were a reminder that even after the hard-won convictions of the Proud Boys and the Oath Keepers on the most severe charges brought so far in the Justice Department’s inquiry into the Capitol attack, law enforcement agencies are still confronting threats from sometimes violent groups and individuals on the right.

While the end of sedition proceedings is a historic moment, it does not mean radicals on far right have abandoned their plans to cause unrest and attack their opponents. Recent reports indicate that right-wing violence and threats are on the increase, not decreasing.

“The sedition trials were important for bringing a sense of accountability and for showing that actions have consequences,” said Oren Segal, the vice president of the Anti-Defamation League’s Center on Extremism. “But that doesn’t mean that we have moved past the right wing’s antidemocratic moment.”

By any definition, the three sedition trials — all held in Federal District Court in Washington — were monumental endeavors. These trials exposed hundreds of pages of communications that were collected by the Proud Boys or the Oath Keepers. They also led to the testimony of several Proud Boys members, who had been shielded from public scrutiny for years.

No doubt, the prosecutions of the two men leading the group on Jan. 6 — Enrique Tarrio of the Proud Boys and Stewart Rhodes of the Oath Keepers — as well as for the others who were convicted. These trials changed the direction of both groups.

The Oath Keepers, founded in 2009, are now effectively defunct, with Mr. Rhodes out of commission; the group’s top lawyer, Kellye SoRelle, under indictment for her role in the Capitol attack; and Mr. Rhodes’s No. Greg McWhirter’s role as an F.B.I. agent was revealed during the court trial. informant.

Oath Keepers are not able, due to lack of leadership or local chapter revolts, to conduct the same anti-government activities they did in the early days. The Oath Keepers have not been able, either without leadership or with some local chapters in revolt, to mount the anti-government operations they conducted during their early years.

The Proud Boys have been less affected by the government’s prosecutions. In the wake of the Capitol attack, Mr. Tarrio disbanded the group’s central committee and devolved authority to its many local chapters. Still, the Proud Boys have remained a persistent force in far-right politics, showing up — in often violent ways — to protest local issues like drag events, coronavirus restrictions and the teaching of antiracism in schools.

Hatchet SpeedA Proud Boy, who is also a military veteran, charged with a separate case, said in court documents that today’s Proud Boys are like Nazi brown-shirts fighting against leftists on the street.

Mr. Segal stated that while he acknowledged the threat posed by Oath Keepers, and Proud Boys he was most concerned with individual extremists. These individuals were not a part of any particular group but radicalized by hatred online.

He noted that such individuals were responsible for the brutalest and most spectacular of attacks over recent months. Among them were the teenage white supremacist who fatally shot 10 people in a Buffalo supermarket last May and the California man obsessed by conspiracy theories who assaulted Paul Pelosi, Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s husband, with a hammer during a break-in at their home in San Francisco in October.

Segal also made mention of the violent but not less dangerous confrontations between extremists, including those from Patriot Front, who have been protesting Pride events in the United States. As he pointed out, groups such as Goyim Defense League capitalized on antisemitic comments made by rapper Kanye, and used a projector to show a message that read: “Kanye is right about the Jews.”

“Going forward, things may not look like mass rallies with thousands of people gathered at the Capitol,” He said “but rather like a thousand little paper cuts a day.”

Since the beginning of the year, federal authorities have been paying attention to a different threat: loosely organized extremists focused on debilitating the nation’s power infrastructure, a target that has long held interest for so-called accelerationists, who seek to use the chaos of attacks to incite unrest and racial violence.

Last month, two men — Christopher Cook, 20, and Jonathan Frost, 24 — were sentenced in Ohio to more than five years in federal prison for scheming to attack energy facilities Across the country. According to prosecutors, the men met online in a chat group before recruiting other people. “to stoke division in furtherance of white supremacist ideology.”

The authorities in a separate but similar case arrested Brandon Clint Russell in February. He was accused of a conspiracy to destroy the Baltimore power grid, a city dominated by Blacks. Prosecutors said that Mr. Russell, along with other members of Atomwaffen, had discussed attacks on electrical and nuclear installations for many years.

Robert Pape has spent the last few years, almost since the Capitol attack, studying a group of individuals who have been traditionally overlooked by his peers: the people, more or lesser, that were involved in that violence.

He found that most of the people who participated in the riot probably came from places where the white population was declining and they were worried that immigrants and minorities were taking away the whites’ rights.

“There is tremendous anger and anxiety coming from these huge demographic shifts that are, and will be, affecting the country for years,” He said: “That anger can be focused, amplified and accelerated by political elites and entrepreneurs.”

Trump and his supporters have sought to gain political advantage by instilling a feeling of victimhood, grievance and anger among their followers and even encouraging violence at times.

When the F.B.I. searched Mar-a-Lago, Mr. Trump’s club and residence in Florida, for classified documents, pro-Trump figures described the search as an act of war not only against the former president but also against his ordinary supporters.

“Trump targeted by Biden administration, and they can do it to you, too,” read the headline of (*6*), the chairwoman of the Republican National Committee, that was published on the Fox News website two days after the search took place.

A day after the outraged cries, an Ohioan man, 42, showed up to a F.B.I. The F.B.I. office in Cincinnati was attacked by a man with a AR-15 rifle who had fired at officers multiple times during the standoff. His social media posts later revealed that he was full of rage about the search at Mar-a-Lago — and that he wanted revenge.

While Mr. Pape believes it’s important to bring to justice groups that embrace violence, such as Proud Boys (or Oath Keepers), it’s equally vital to look for a way to help the ever-growing number of regular people who appear to be embracing violence or have decided violence is acceptable in some circumstances.

“It’s crucial to punish the leading edge of the antidemocratic sword,” He said. “But in the end, only doing that is not going to solve the problem.”