RALEIGH, N.C. (AP) — Persistent efforts by North Carolina’s legislature to restrict transgender lives cast a shadow over Callum Bradford as he grew up in Chapel Hill, following him through his journey of self-discovery, coming out and obtaining the gender-affirming health care the 16-year-old credits as lifesaving.

After Republicans won the majority of state-level elections this month in Republican-controlled states, Bradford and other trans- and gender-nonconforming residents have begun to prepare for the possibility that new or reintroduced legislation targeting LGBTQ persons, especially trans people, could survive Democratic Gov. Roy Cooper’s veto if Republicans wrangle enough supporters.

“Before I came out, I was thinking about those laws, and I was like, I know I’m male, but do I really want to deal with this?” Bradford spoke. “Can’t I just go back to when I was innocent and untouched by hate?”

Statehouse victories for Republicans around the country in this month’s midterm elections are resonating for trans people as they mark Sunday’s Transgender Day This is RemembranceAn international observance that honors victims of anti-transgender abuse and raises awareness of the dangers facing trans people.

North Carolina is a particularly affected state. It was North Carolina that provided the blueprint for anti-trans legislation nationwide in 2016. passed a bill To restrict transgenders’ access to public toilets and to prevent municipalities from adopting anti-discrimination ordinances.

The backlash that follows hit North Carolina’s economy Sports tournaments led to businesses and conventions cutting ties. This resulted in the state losing hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue, before the policy was implemented. rolled back in 2017 settled in federal court in 2019.

Bradford, who hadn’t yet come out, was shocked to see the bill. It was just one of many bills which eroded Bradford’s confidence and exposed him the harsh realities of transgender youths. primary political targets this year as the United States saw a record number of anti-trans bills — more than 145 introduced across 34 states, according to the Human Rights Campaign.

Republicans won a supermajority of the North Carolina Senate, but fell just one seat short in the House. The outcome narrowly preserves Cooper’s veto power if Democrats approach override votes as a united front.

The GOP House Speaker Tim Moore, however, told reporters Nov. 9, that he regards House Republicans as having “a lot of problems.” “a governing supermajority” Because some moderate Democrats have voted for them in the past.

While Moore said the party hasn’t solidified its priorities for the long session beginning in January, Senate leader Phil Berger is already reconsidering a “ Parents’ Bill of Rights,” which passed the Senate this year but didn’t get a vote in the House before the session ended.

Touted by GOP senators as a toolkit to help parents oversee their children’s education and health care, the bill It included provisions to ban instruction about sexual orientation or gender identity in K-3 curricula. Schools are required to notify parents before any change in their child’s name or pronoun. Cooper condemned the measures and compared them to Florida’s “Don’t Say Gay” law.

“As far as a Parental Bill of Rights, parents have made it clear that they are not happy with some of the things that are going on in our public schools,” Berger stated. “A number of members who supported that bill when it passed the Senate this past year are coming back. I suspect that there will be good support for moving forward with that again.”

Bethany Corrigan (executive director of Transcend Charlotte), a service provider for Gender-Diverse Adults in Mecklenburg County said that the mandatory reporting aspect of such bills is unacceptable. “forced outing,” This can increase the risk of LGBTQ youths falling prey to violence, mental illness crises, and housing instability.

But Corrigan warned it’s not just explicit anti-LGBTQ bills that might affect trans rights in North Carolina. They went on to say that further abortion restrictionsWhich GOP leaders have already approved? expressed interest in imposing next yearThis could be used later to restrict access to gender-affirming healthcare.

“Bodily autonomy being threatened for folks in terms of reproductive health care — where does it end?” Corrigan noted that abortion policy has an impact on trans and cisgender persons alike.

Bradford, who has been taking testosterone since the beginning of his life, stated that he is concerned about how limited access to the treatment he could have. To give his son a backup plan, his father started looking for apartments in Virginia prior to the midterms. The teen is currently weighing whether North Carolina is a safe place for college.

Among the motions lawmakers introduced last session but didn’t pass was a bill limiting medical treatments for transgender people under 21The ability of transgender girls and women to be themselves is being restricted by another law. compete in school sports. The sponsor of the former bill, Senator Ralph Hise from Mitchell County, didn’t respond to messages asking if he would like to reintroduce it.

Mary Scott Winstead, spokesperson for Cooper, stated that the governor will continue to advocate for transgender North Carolinians who are too often overlooked. “face inexcusable and unacceptable violence.”

The GOP-controlled legislature in neighboring Tennessee announced its decision after the election Day that its first priority will be to ban medical providers from altering a child’s hormones or performing surgeries that enable them to present as a gender different from their biological sex.

Guidance from the World Professional Association for Transgender Health says youths experiencing gender dysphoria can start taking hormones — estrogen or testosterone — at age 14. Since this year, the recommended minimum age for certain surgeries has been lowered to 15, for trans boys’ breast surgery, and to 17, for genital procedures like womb removal or testicle removal.

Katherine Turk, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill’s historian of women and gender at Chapel Hill, said that the recent anti-trans laws surge is due to historical pushback. marginalized groups gain visibility and political momentum.

“Increased visibility often brings increased vulnerability,” Corrigan said. “Several states that have introduced these harmful bills have also seen elevated rates of fatal violence against trans folks, especially Black trans women.”

According to a new Human Rights Campaign reportAt least 32 transgender and gender-nonconforming persons have been killed in the U.S. in this year’s U.S. election. This includes Sasha Mason, a trans woman of 45 who was killed in Zebulon in North Carolina.

Events for Transgenders Day This is Remembrance All over the world, plans were made for Sunday against the background of a fatal mass shooting at a gay nightclub in Colorado The night before.

Kori Hennessey, education and programs director at the LGBT Center of Raleigh, had already organized a Sunday evening vigil outside the Governor’s Mansion in Raleigh.

“With every attack on our community, physical attacks but also legislative, our supporters become more outspoken,” Hennessey, who happens to be nonbinary, said so. “We’re hopeful it’ll happen again. In the meantime, we’ll be at the governor’s doorstep reminding him that we’re here, and we’re worth fighting for.”

Hannah Schoenbaum works as a corps member for Report for America Statehouse News Initiative/Associated Press. Report for America, a non-profit national service program, places journalists in local newsrooms so they can report on undercovered topics.