NUSA DUA IN INDONESIA: Monday was the first day President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping met in person since almost two years ago when the US President assumed office. “manage” Increasing economic and security tensions create differences among the superpowers, which are competing for global influence.
Biden and Xi greeted one another with a handshake in a luxury hotel in Indonesia where they attended the Group of 20 summit of big economies. After that, they sat down to engage in a conversation that would last several hours.
“As the leaders of our two nations, we share responsibility, in my view, to show that China and the United States can manage our differences, prevent competition from becoming anything ever near conflict, and to find ways to work together on urgent global issues that require our mutual cooperation,” Biden said to open the meeting.
Xi said he hoped they would “chart the right course for the China-US relationship” And that he was fully prepared to do so. “candid and in-depth exchange of views” Biden
Both men arrived at the meeting with an improved political standing. Democrats retained control of the US senate. They had a chance to increase their ranks by 1 in a Georgia runoff election next month. In October, Xi received a third five-year term from the Communist Party’s national Congress, breaking with traditional practice.
“We have very little misunderstanding,” Biden spoke to reporters Sunday in Cambodia, where he was part of a gathering with southeast Asian nations. He then left for Indonesia. “We just got to figure out where the red lines are and … what are the most important things to each of us going into the next two years.”
Biden added: “His circumstance has changed, to state the obvious, at home.” The president stated that he was in the same situation as himself: “I know I’m coming in stronger.”
White House aides repeatedly tried to downplay any idea of conflict between the two countries and have stressed that they believe they can work together on common challenges like climate change.
However, relations have become more complicated under successive American administrations as differences in economic, security, and trade have emerged.
As president, Biden has repeatedly taken China to task for human rights abuses against the Uighur people and other ethnic minorities, crackdowns on democracy activists in Hong Kong, coercive trade practices, military provocations against self-ruled Taiwan and differences over Russia’s prosecution of its war against Ukraine. Officials from China have mostly resisted public criticism Russia’s warAlthough Beijing has not provided direct support, it is still supplying arms.
Taiwan is a contentious issue between Washington and Beijing. Multiple times in his presidency, Biden has said the US would defend the island — which China has eyed for eventual unification — in case of a Beijing-led invasion. However, officials from the administration have repeatedly stressed that the US would defend the island — which China has envisioned for eventual unification — in case of a Beijing-led invasion. “One China” This policy has not changed. This policy recognizes Beijing’s government while allowing Taipei to maintain informal relations and defense ties. “strategic ambiguity” It was not clear whether the military would respond to an attack on the island.
Tensions rose even more when Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), the House Speaker, visited Taiwan in August. This prompted China to respond with military drills as well as the firing of missiles into nearby waterways.
The Biden administration also blocked exports of advanced computer chips to China last month — a national security move that bolsters U.S. competition against Beijing. Chinese officials swiftly condemned the restrictions.
Even though they have had five video or phone calls with Biden during his presidency, White House officials claim that those meetings are not a substitute for Biden getting to meet Xi personally. This is especially important as Xi has strengthened his power through the party congress. Lower-ranking Chinese officials have not been able or willing to speak for their leader.
Mao Ning, the spokesperson for China’s foreign minister, had stated before the meeting that China was committed peaceful coexistence and would defend its sovereignty, security, and development interests.
“It is important that the US work together with China to properly manage differences, advance mutually beneficial cooperation, avoid misunderstanding and miscalculation, and bring China-US relations back to the right track of sound and steady development,” She spoke at a Beijing daily briefing.
Xi has remained close to his home during the global Covid-19 pandemic. He has enforced a “zero-Covid” policies that require mass lockdowns have disrupted global supply chains.
After the September pandemic, he made his first foreign trip. He stopped in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan for the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. There, he met Putin and other leaders from the Central Asian security group.
White House officials and their Chinese counterparts have spent weeks negotiating details of the meeting, which was held at Xi’s hotel with translators providing simultaneous interpretation through headsets.
US officials were keen to see how Xi approaches Biden’s sit-down. After consolidating his leadership of the state, they said that they would wait until to evaluate whether this made him more or less likely towards cooperation with the U.S.
Biden and Xi brought small delegations to the meeting. The US officials anticipated that Xi would bring newly-employed government officials to the discussion and expressed hope that it might lead to more substantive engagements.
Biden met with Xi and held talks with Joko Widodo (the G20 host) to announce a number of new development initiatives, including investments into climate, security, education, and the environment.
Many of Biden’s conversations and engagements during a three-country tour — which took him to Egypt and Cambodia before he landed on the island of Bali on Sunday — were, by design, preparing him for the meeting with Xi and sending a signal that the US would compete in areas where Xi has also worked to expand his country’s influence.
Both men have a long history dating back to their time as vice presidents of their respective countries. The US president stated that he has a good relationship with Xi and hopes to benefit from the meeting to better understand their positions.
Biden used Xi’s conversations to inform his remarks on his trip around the US just before the Nov.8 election. This allowed him to use the Chinese leader’s preference for autocratic government to convince voters why democracy should prevail.
The president’s view was somewhat validated on the global stage, as White House aides said several world leaders approached Biden during his time in Cambodia — where he was meeting with Asian allies to reassure them of the US commitment to the region in the face of China’s assertive actions — to tell him they watched the outcome of the midterm elections closely and that the results were a triumph for democracy.