Bali, Indonesia
The Sunday Review

Russia’s international isolation grew Wednesday, as world leaders issued a joint declaration Its condemnation war In Ukraine, the conflict has left thousands dead and destabilized the global economy.

The Group of 20 summit in Bali, Indonesia, concluded Wednesday with a leaders’ statement that “deplores in the strongest terms the aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine and demands its complete and unconditional withdrawal from the territory of Ukraine.”

After the summit’s close, the Indonesian President and G20 Joko Widodo was the host at a news conference. “world leaders agreed on the content of the declaration, namely condemnation to the war in Ukraine” It violates its territorial integrity. However, there are some words in the declaration pointed out disagreements among members about issues relating to Ukraine.

“This war has caused massive public suffering, and also jeopardizing the global economy that is still vulnerable from the pandemic, which also caused risks for food and energy crises, as well as financial crisis. The G20 discussed the impact of war to the global economy,” He stated.

The United States and its allies have won a significant victory with the 17-page document. It condemns Russia strongly, but acknowledges a rift between member states.

“Most members strongly condemned the war in Ukraine and stressed it is causing immense human suffering and exacerbating existing fragilities in the global economy,” It was. “There were other views and different assessments of the situation and sanctions.”

Jokowi stated the following: G20 members’ stance on the war Ukraine was home to the “most debated” paragraph.

“Until late midnight yesterday we discussed about this, and at the end the Bali leaders’ declaration was agreed unanimously in consensus,” Jokowi spoke.

“We agreed that the war has negative impact to the global economy, and the global economic recovery will also not be achieved without any peace.”

This statement was made hours after Poland had issued a similar statement. “Russian-made missile” Two people were killed when they landed in a village close to the border with Ukraine.

It is still not known who fired the missile. Both the Russian and Ukrainian forces used Russian-made ammunition during the conflict. The missile was fired by a Russian-made missile. The incident highlighted the dangers associated with miscalculation in an attack, regardless of the outcome of the investigation. war It has continued for nearly nine months. This risks increasing and drawing in major powers.

After hearing the news, Joe Biden, the US President, and NATO leaders convened an emergency meeting in Bali for the purpose of discussing the explosion.

The joint was passed declaration would have required the buy-in from leaders that share close ties with Russian President Vladimir Putin – most notably Chinese leader Xi Jinping, who declared a “no-limits” friendship between their countries weeks before the invasion, and India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

India has distanced itself from Russia but it is not clear if there was any shift in China’s position. Xi Jinping, China’s leader, called for a ceasefire. He also agreed to stop the use nuclear weapons during a series bilateral meetings that took place with Western leaders. G20He has not publicly indicated any desire to persuade him, however. “close friend” Vladimir Putin to End the war.

Beijing refused to label the military aggression of Russian tanks that rolled into Ukraine in February as an act of aggression after they entered. “invasion” Oder “war,” It has amplified Russian propaganda and blamed the conflict on NATO, the US and decried sanctions.

Xi remained consistent in his use of terms like “When discussing Ukraine, leaders from France, USA and other nations discussed it with him”, “the Ukraine crisis” Oder “the Ukraine issue” And he avoided the word “war,” According to Chinese readouts.

In those meetings, Xi reiterated China’s call for a ceasefire through dialogue, and, according to readouts from his interlocutors, agreed to oppose the use of nuclear weapons in Ukraine – but those remarks are not included in China’s account of the talks.

China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi later told Chinese state media that Xi had reiterated China’s position in his meeting with Biden that “nuclear weapons cannot be used and a nuclear war cannot be fought.”

Wang thanked Russia for holding the same position in a Tuesday meeting with Sergey Lavrov. “China noticed that Russia has recently reaffirmed the established position that ‘a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought,’ which shows Russia’s rational and responsible attitude,” Wang was quoted as saying Xinhua is the state news agency.

Wang is one of the few – if not only – foreign officials to have sat down for a formal meeting with Lavrov, who has faced isolation and condemnation at a summit where he stood in for Putin.

On Tuesday, Lavrov sat through the opening of the summit listening to world leaders condemn Russia’s brutal invasion. The President of Indonesia and G20 Widodo spoke on behalf of world leaders “we must end the war.” “If the war does not end, it will be difficult for the world to move forward,” He stated.

Xi did not mention Ukraine in his opening remarks. Instead, the Chinese leader made a thinly veiled criticism of the US – without mentioning it by name – for “drawing ideological lines” And “promoting group politics and bloc confrontation.”

Compared with the ambiguous stance of China, observers have noted a more obvious shift from India – and the greater role New Delhi is willing to play in engaging all sides.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi called on Tuesday for leaders “find a way to return to the path of ceasefire and diplomacy in Ukraine” In his opening remarks to the summit.

Draft of the joint declaration Also included is a sentence “Today’s era must not be of war.” This language is similar to what Modi said to Putin in September at a Uzbekistan summit.

“If the Indian language was used in the text, that means Western leaders are listening to India as a major stakeholder in the region, because India is a country that is close to both the West and Russia,” Happymon Jacob is an associate professor of diplomacy at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.

“And we are seeing India disassociating itself from Russia in many ways.”