SHARM EL SHEIKH, Egypt — The United States is willing to accept the creation of a To compensate the poorest countries in need of aid for Climate damage, reverse decades of opposition and marking a A major breakthrough in one issue that is at the heart United’s most contentious. Nations climate talks.

The United States is “working to sign on to a deal,” According to a Official from the Biden administration who requested anonymity because negotiations were ongoing. The U.S. will not block the change means they won’t. a This fund has been long sought by countries that have been devastated by drought, floods and heat caused by climate change.

The majority of developing nations are from Asia, Africa Latin America and South Pacific. They see the matter in the light of justice and note that they did not contribute much to it. a Crisis that threatens their existence.

“A positive outcome is close,” said Sherry Rehman, Pakistan’s minister for Climate change: Who is leading the charge? a Group of 134 countries pushing for These are some examples a fund. “Not perfect or optimal, but one that addresses the basic demand of developing nations.”

The United States was the biggest obstacle to this. a Fund out a There was concern that the United States would be held liable for all its greenhouse gas emissions. The American negotiators were under immense pressure from the developing countries as well its European allies and retreated late Saturday.

Both the United States and European Union continue to push for change for assurances that China would contribute to any fund created — and that the country would not be eligible to receive money from it. The United Nations China is currently classified as a “developing country,” This would make it eligible for climate compensation, even though it is now the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases as well as the second-largest economy. China has fiercely resist the idea of being considered as a developed nation in global climate talks.

Any agreement with the United States is, by tradition, a deal Nations Climate talks require the consent of all countries; talks can be stopped if one object.

For the United States, this year’s climate summit, known as COP27, has been a rude awakening. John Kerry, the climate envoy of President Biden, arrived in Egypt with the new landmark legislation. It will help America reduce its emissions and invest $370 billion in clean electricity. Ministers and diplomats were told by Mr. Biden that the United States was committed to leading the world’s transition away fossil fuels and in favor of renewable energy. a Future where global warming is constrained to relatively safe levels

The Americans quickly found themselves on defense as angry leaders from the developing world demanded more of the United States.

“Our attitude toward the U.S. was always that it’s good news Biden is in the White House and not Trump, and it’s good news that they have a law for domestic action,” Saleemul Huq is the director of International Centre for Climate Change and Development in Bangladesh, who advises some of the world’s poorest countries during U.N. climate talks. “But they don’t have good news when it comes to their international commitments on finance.”

The two-week summit that was supposed to close Friday went into overtime Saturday, as negotiators of nearly 200 nations clashed over many thorny topics. The talks take place at a Multiple crises are a common occurrence. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has roiled global food supply and energy markets, stoked inflation and spurred some countries to burn more coal and other alternatives to Russian gas, threatening to undermine climate goals.

The rising global temperature has also led to deadly floods in Nigeria and Pakistan, and record-breaking heat in Europe and Asia. In The Horn of Africa a Millions are at risk of starvation in the third year of severe drought.

The talks will focus on whether countries will try to limit global temperature rises of more than 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degree Fahrenheit) above preindustrial levels. a The goal was emphasized by nations at the Glasgow climate talks last year. Scientists warn that climate catastrophes are more likely if you go beyond that threshold.

The world has warmed an average of 1.1% Celsius in the last year. Scientists now believe that countries must cut carbon emissions faster to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The world is currently at a Temperature to rise by 2.1-2.9 degrees Celsius by end of century

Every fraction of a Scientists found that an additional degree of warming could leave tens to millions more people in danger from heat waves, water scarcity, and coastal flooding. An Earth with 1.5 degrees of warming might still have coral reefs or summer Arctic sea-ice. a Most likely, 2-degree world would not.

“One point five is not just a number that somebody invented,” Espen Barth Eide, Norway’s minister of climate and environment told the conference on Friday. He spoke on the following: “the paramount difference, the dramatic difference between warming that ends at 1. 5 and 2 degrees.”

“Entire countries that are present here will simply disappear from the surface of the planet. Most of all the ice on the world will melt,” He stated. “Cities we love and live in will be gone. It’s such a drama in front of us that we simply have to make sure that we stick to what we were told to do in Glasgow.”

The text that Egypt circulated on Saturday contains language stressing the importance of limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius. However, negotiators close the process claimed that Saudi Arabia was encouraging language that glossed over this need. for Goals for countries that are more ambitious for This target is met by lowering emissions.

India also wanted language that explicitly called for for “phasing down” all fossil fuels — not just coal, but also oil and natural gas. According to sources close to the negotiations, those words were not included in the final agreement on Saturday after opposition from Canada and China, as well as Saudi Arabia.

Xie Zhanghua is the principal negotiator for China claimed that calling is its most important activity. for a Wealthy nations such as the United States should be first to phase out all fossil fuels. “We should not add more burden to developing countries,” Mr. Xie stated in a News conference

Some environmentalists blame Egypt, which is responsible for leading the talks this year. for The draft agreement does not include language about fossil fuels. Egypt has been increasing gas exports from Egypt to Europe. a It is a necessary transition fuel to move from oil and coal to wind and solar, and other non-polluting energy sources.

“It seems clear Egypt is acting in its national interest rather than acting as an honest broker,” Alden Meyer a E3G senior associate a European environmental think tank.

Sometimes the negotiations were tense. Earlier in the week, Diego Pacheco Balanza, Bolivia’s chief negotiator, criticized developed countries for Not living up to previous promises to provide $100 Billion per year in climate assistance by 2020 (they still are tens and billions short). for Insisting that poor countries must do more to reduce their emissions a The United States and Europe were expanding their fossil fuel supply at a time when they had not been.

“Developed countries talk a lot, but in practice they do very little,” Mr. Pacheco Balanza said. “We are still waiting for the $100 billion per year.”

On Saturday morning, Frans Timmermans, the European Union’s negotiator, said that European countries “are prepared to walk away if we do not have a result that does justice to what the world is waiting for — namely that we do something about this climate crisis.”

The biggest obstacle to overcome is a deal at this year’s talks, negotiators said, is the chaotic management style of the Egyptian hosts, whose job it is to understand the concerns of each country and then broker a deal.

Diplomats complained about the Egyptian presidency’s middle-of-the night meetings that allowed delegates only a small amount of text. Negociations could be delayed by technical problems with sound. Access to water and food was also difficult, which slowed down negotiations. Negotiators had to go hunting. for Sandwiches and coffee served in this sprawling location

“I’ve never experienced anything like this in 25 years,” A long-serving delegate requested anonymity because talks were ongoing. The process was called by the delegate. “untransparent, chaotic, unpredictable.”

Mr. Meyer has been to all 27 United States Congresses, except one. Nations According to climate summits “No matter what happens, the Egyptians get a share of the blame for this process. The key is to engage parties early, to build trust, to identify landing zones. The Egyptians waited very late in the game to do any of that. They’ve essentially given parties a few days to try and work magic.”

“I’m not sure Houdini could’ve solved it,” Meyer. “But, let me know if you see Houdini walking around in the halls.”