SULAIMANIYA, Iraq — Sitting under an oak tree on a mountainside in the Mohammad Kurd, Kurdish Region of Iraq, said that he fled Iran recently after his two friends were murdered by security forces. the The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, a powerful force in the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, began to go door to door to arrest those protesting against government policies.

His baggy khaki uniform that Kurdish fighters wore still looked fresh. In His thin coat made him shiver. the The mountain air is cold.

A few others like Mr. Kurd are also included. the Komala’s latest recruits the Armed Iranian Kurdish opposition group that was based in the Mountains of the Iraqi Kurdistan region for decades.

“I am training so I can become a Peshmerga worthy of my people and those who have lost their lives in the revolution,” 27-year-old Mr. Kurd used a term to describe Kurdish fighters. “A battle cannot be fought with pens and minds alone.”

Several Thousand Iranian Kurdish resistance fighters are trained here the For what they believe to be an unfolding revolution, semiautonomous Kurdistan Region is Iraq the Border in their homeland. But the All sides are placing increasing pressure on the groups.

Iran has been bombarding their mountainside bases using drones and missiles, forcing them to flee. the Fighting men to disperse into tents spread higher up the mountains. Baghdad is home to the central government of Iraq. the south, what you want the Iranian Groups to disarm. They are becoming more common. the Center of escalating tensions among the two countries.

The Iranian Strikes are both a form of anger and a way to express it. the A reminder of the opposition presence in Iraq the Vulnerability the Fighters are held in tight control by their Kurdish Iraqi host.

Both Iran and Iraq have Kurdish minorities. In Iraq, however, they have far greater power and control, as they govern an entire semiautonomous area. the Nord of the With this country was created the The U.S.-led, no-fly zone is a help in the 1990s. Nearly all of the Iranian There are opposition groups that consider a Kurdish independent state unattainable for now and call for self-rule. the Kurdish areas in Iran

The Kurdistan regional government in Iraq — which walks a tightrope between supporting Kurdish solidarity and inflaming Iraq’s powerful neighbor — bars the Fighters are prohibited from moving across the border into Iran.

On Monday, Iranian The commander notified specific villages, towns, or neighborhoods. the They would be next targets for supporting opposition figures in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region.

It would be a major escalation in attacks by Iran on civilian areas. the Bases of the Iranian opposition groups. These bases are the target of missile and drone attacks the End of September saw the deaths of at least 18 people. This included two women and one child. the Opposition groups and hospital officials.

The majority of the protesters who have fled Iran and sought refuge in Iraqi Kurdistan have come from Iran’s Kurdish provinces, where the antigovernment demonstrations over the The past two months have seen a particularly severe outbreak. Activists claim that there is no reliable estimate of the number of victims. the A large number of protesters have fled Iran. A small number of them have signed up as fighters.

In Kurd, a resident of Divandarreh drove a bus to transport small electrical appliances. the black market — work that carried the Risk of being shot by security personnel. Like many protesters, the man said he was angry. Iranian Leaders spent the country’s wealth on conflicts in Syria, Iraq and Yemen while its citizens went hungry.

Among his other grievances with Iran’s authoritarian rulers, he said that in his own region, Kurds should have the However, they are not allowed to study in Kurdish as their native language.

In September when the According to Mr. Kurd, the current antigovernment protests began when a friend of his, a 29-year old shopkeeper, tried to get down a security cam. Another friend, a late 30-year-old tailor, was also shot. the He said that he had a stomach infection and that he died four days later.

Then he decided to cross. the The border was closed to Iraqi Kurdistan. They joined the wave of pilgrims who stormed the Frontier during a religious holiday allows you to cross the border without having to be checked.

Komala’s official, also known as the Komala Party of Kurdistan said that four to five additional protesters were also there the Group in the They have been training military personnel at the mountain base for two weeks. A 20-year old university student joined her mother who was already in the base. the camp.

Near the Base of the About 50 miles away from Iran, homes destroyed in September by missile strikes were left in ruins on a mountain. Some had stenciled images showing assassinated and executed leaders. the movement’s history.

One fighter sang a love song while making thin, paper-thin bread at a small bakery.

Komala has been in existence since 1986 when it established its base. Iraq’s Kurdish region during the Iran-Iraq war: its fighters dreamed back to a revolution home. Older opposition leaders now have their sights set on the Young Iranians Leading the Protests within Iran

“Millions of Iranians went to the front lines to protect Iran during the Iran-Iraq war,” Nevid Mehrawar, a member the Leadership at Komala “Now their sons and daughters are saying, ‘My father didn’t give his life for this dictatorship.’”

Iran has asked for this the The regional government of Iraqi Kurdish in Iraq the Expel central government or disarm Iranian Fighters, or placed them in closed camps. An Iranian On Monday, a commander claimed that his country had launched attacks on the Opposition groups the Kurdistan when that didn’t happen.

Iraq’s Iran-backed parties dominate the new government, which they also want the Closed bases the fighters disarmed. But the New prime minister of Iraq said this month that leaders in the Iraqi Kurdistan region had refused.

Iran accused Komala and the other opposition groups of being separatists behind recent killings in Kurdish majority. Iranian Provinces and fomenting the It has been demonstrated, but no evidence has been provided.

Komala had approximately 1,000 fighters fighting in Iraq, and was armed to self-defense. Mehrawar said that it wasn’t launching armed strikes inside Iran to prevent the destruction of what he called a civil revolution.

Another armoured opposition group. the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan has been one of the most admired countries in the world. the hardest hit in the Iranian Attacks since September Nearly eleven people have been killed at its bases. the According to hospital officials and party officials, Koya is an Iraqi Kurdish municipality.

Mustafa Mauludi is a 63-year-old member of the group’s leadership, said he joined it 43 years ago.

“We won’t leave and we won’t give up our weapons,” said Mr. Mauludi. “Neither Iraqi forces nor Kurdish forces can protect us.”

Another example of the opposition groups, the Kurdistan Freedom Party — known as P.A.K. — fought with U.S.-backed Iraqi Kurdish forces against the When the Islamic State terrorist group invaded northern Iraq, it was 2014. At its base, near the Grenze Iraq’s It helps Kirkuk province the Line against ISIS, but also within reach of hostile militias backed Iran that are part the Forces of the Iraqi government

Nine of its fighters were killed. the Iranian Attacks in September

P.A.K.’s leader, Hussein Yazdanpana, 56, said groups like his are not at the Front of the Iranian Antigovernment movement

“The leaders of this struggle are on the streets in Iran,” He stated.

Many people are finally reunited after years of division. the Iranian Now, opposition parties in Iraq have begun talks to unite and present an effective front. This could prove beneficial for them. the A wider antigovernment movement in Iran.

“The weakest point is there is no united opposition against the Iranian government,” Siamand Moeini, coleader of another Iranian opposition group, the Kurdistan Free Life Party