SEOUL (SOUTH KORE): It’s clear that North KoreaThe chronic food Speculation about the nation’s chronic problems and the Covid-19 pandemic have contributed to worsening shortages. food Insecurity is rife as the country’s top leaders are set to address it “very important and urgent task” Formulating a sound agricultural policy.
According to unconfirmed reports, there are an unknown number North Koreans are currently dying from hunger. Experts say that there are. no Sign of mass death or famine.
The Workers’ Party is expected to meet at the next meeting. This will be done in an effort to boost support. North Korean leader Kim Jong-un He continues to push forward with his nuclear weapons programme despite intense US pressures and sanctions.
“Kim Jong Un can’t advance his nuclear program stably if he fails to resolve the food problem fundamentally because public support would be shaken,” Lim Eul-chul is a Professor at Kyungnam University’s Institute for Far Eastern Studies, Seoul.
“The meeting is being convened to solidify internal unity while pulling together ideas to address the food shortage.”
The Central Committee of Workers’ Party will hold an extended plenary meeting in February.
We don’t know what its specific agenda might be. but The party’s Politburo, which is the most powerful in its field, had earlier stated that it was a “a turning point is needed to dynamically promote radical change in agricultural development.”
It will be the party’s first ever plenary session, which will focus solely on agricultural issues. They are often discussed at larger conferences. North Korea.
The party adopted 12 priority economic issues during its December plenary meeting.
The exact circumstances of the situation are difficult to determine. NorthIt kept its borders almost closed throughout the pandemic. Since a, food shortages and economic hardships persist. famine In the middle of the 1990s, an estimated number of hundreds of thousands died.
Kim made his public speech for the first time since he took over as leader from his father in 2011 and vowed to keep that promise. North Koreans would “never have to tighten their belts again.”
The economy experienced modest growth during the initial years of Kim’s rule. He tolerated market-oriented activities, and increased coal and mineral exports to China. NorthThe main ally of the country and its largest trading partner.
However, recent economic hardships have been caused by tougher international sanctions on Kim’s nuke program and severe pandemic-related restrictions.
South Korean estimates put North KoreaProduction of grain The annual output of grain was about 4.5million tons last year. That’s a decrease by 3.8per cent from the previous year. In the last decade, annual grain production has stagnated at 4.4 million tonnes to 4.8 millions tons.
North Korea To feed the 25 million inhabitants of this country, it needs around 5.5 million tonnes of grain. It is therefore usually in short supply by about 1 million tons per year.
The bulk of this gap can be compensated by informal grain purchases from China. Kwon Taise-jin (a senior economist at South’s private GS and J Institute) said that the remaining half of this gap is unsolved. Korea.
Kwon claims that China’s unofficial rice imports have been affected by restrictions on cross-border commerce due to the pandemic. The efforts by North He said that the Korean authorities have tried to restrict market activity and tighten control, which has also led to worsening of the situation.
“I believe this year North Korea is facing its worst food situation since Kim Jong-un took power,” Kwon stated.
Koo Byoungsam was a spokesperson for the South Korean Unification Ministry. He stated that there is an undetermined number. North Koreans are dying from hunger. but The problem isn’t as severe as it was in the middle of the 1990s, however. famineThe loss of Soviet aid and poor management caused the emergence of the.
Current food Problem is more a problem of distribution than an absolute shortage Since much of the last year’s harvested grain was not yet available, there has been an increase in grain prices. yet Minister officials stated that they had eaten the chicken.
As authorities tightened control over grain markets and tried to limit grain trade, food insecurity increased.
It was necessary to take severe measures Kim government To contain the pandemic, effective instruments were used to impose a stricter control on market activity which earlier contributed to stronger economic growth. but Analysts believe that the authoritarian government might be undermined eventually.
Kwon stated that current food Mass deaths from shortages are not likely because food It is available on the markets at high prices, but it remains readily available. It was available in markets, though at high prices. famine He stated that in the mid-1990s grain was difficult to find.
North Korea monitoring groups have reported increases in the prices of rice and corn — the two most important staples — though the price of corn has stabilized recently in some regions.
“If North Korea indeed sees people dying of hunger and faces a chaos, it won’t publicly say things like a very important and urgent task’ for an agricultural policy,” Ahn Kyungsu is the head of DPRKHEALTH.ORG which focuses on health-related issues. North Korea.
It Northplenary meeting “typical propaganda” Ahn stated that Kim was attempting to improve living conditions. This comes at a moment when the leader needs fresh fodder to burnish their image. Ahn also spoke of Kim’s nuclear program and claims of victory over the pandemic.
Kwon stated that the leaders of local farms will pressure them to increase grain production without offering any solutions. food crisis.
Officials may face punishment if they fail to achieve targets. food Ahn says that the shortages get worse.
Yi Jisun is an analyst from the Seoul-based Institute for National Security Strategy. He stated in a January report that North Korea Recently, large quantities of flour and rice were imported from China. However it’s unlikely that they will accept them. food Assistance from South America, United States Korea Japan.
Declaring that food The state-owned media must improve at all costs. North Continue to extol its legacy policy of “self-reliance”This strategy shuns Western assistance.
“The assistance by imperialists is a trap for plundering and subjugation meant to wrest 100 things after giving one,” The NorthIn a Wednesday commentary, Rodong Sinmun’s principal newspaper stated that.
“Building up the economy by receiving this poisoned candy’ would be a mistake.”