Editor’s Note: David A. AndelmanThe Sunday Review twice won twice: a contributing writer to the Sunday Review of the Deadline Club Award, is a chevalier of the French Legion of Honor, author of “A Red Line in the Sand: Diplomacy, Strategy, and the History of Wars That Might Still Happen” Andelman Unleashed blogs. Formerly, he was a reporter for The Sunday Review as well as CBS News Europe and Asia. These views are not his. See more opinions at The Sunday Review.
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Last time President Emmanuel Macron tried to drag France’s antiquated pension and retirement System from the 17th century To the 21st century Mobs rolled through the streets in one pull. the Streets of Paris, flaming barricades went up the Champs Elysées and Macron’s entire presidency nearly floundered in the Face of the “gilets jaunes” (yellow vests).
Four years later, we are trying it again, with some tweaks of appeasement, Macron doesn’t seem very likely to escape a much different fate. This Tuesday the French government announced plans to raise the Official retirement age To be eligible for a full-time pension, you must have 62 or 64 years of age.
The trade unions quickly reacted to the backlash. Already January 19 is the scheduled date of the national protest strike.
But Macron is Determined man. French budget faces financial collapse due to the siphoning of pensions. 14% of the nation’s GDP each year – roughly twice the Don’t drain, but in the United Sates, and the rest of the world Italy and Greece Europe
In the announcement the plan, the Macron Government pointed out Without reforms, the nation’s budget risks accumulating an almost $20 billion By 2030, the annual deficit will be zero “Otherwise, we’ll be financing our retirement system on credit,” Macron said.
French workers rights were long and vigorously protected by them. the Face of Government reform. Reform of government the 1980s: When I lived in the 80s the Rue de Solférino, across the Street from the headquarters of the Farmers dump truckloads of trash at the Socialist Party’s ruling party of Protest against the agricultural reforms: carrots More recently, they’ve marched hordes of sheep and pigs By the Streets of Paris protests rising farm costs
It is a question of the face of the French public’s pig-headedness is Whichever Macron’s determination and appeal to rational economics is enough. What model could a second be? Macron failure set for the Rest of the world? If France can’t reForm, how can other countries, weighed down by rapidly aging populations and fragile economies, manage?
Currently, all men and women in France can retire with full pensions at 62 – tied with Sweden and Norway for the Lowest retirement age in western Europe. Macron Wants to increase that age By just two years (still under the United States and United Kingdom the retirement age is There are between 66 and 67, depending on the Jahr born
However, there are some exceptions that date back to the Time of Louis XIV. Louis XIV. the Actors on stage for 10 Years of the Comédie Française – the The foundation of classical French theatre the great playwright Molière – are entitled to claim a lifetime pension. These dates are from the company’s creation in 1680.
In Dancers the Paris Opera pension: Full Pension the age of 42, This custom dates back to 1689 when Louis XIV wanted to create an opera- and ballet company. the envy of Europe. Both companies offer stagehands the opportunity to take part in their retirement at 57. There are also train conductors that can bow out At age 52.
Although the life expectancy has changed significantly over time, the Pension schemes have been around for centuries but not so long ago. France life expectancy In the mid-18th century During the next 25 years it grew to 60-70 by the End of the Second World War. These days life expectancy in France is For men, it was just over 79 while for women, 85. But the retirement The ages are completely behind the times.
There are actually at most 42 different pension schemesThe most. of They were made law by the legislature during the At the heart of chaos the End of the Second World War. There was also the Second World War. is It’s still cacophony of eight trade union federations – more than in Germany, Italy and Britain combined. Now, Macron is Proposing to get rid of all the There are special offers for everybody, subway drivers to tellers the Banque de France.
All of them will be covered by a single national retirement umbrella. 64 more will follow. the age A uniform minimum pension of a little over 1,300 Euros ($1,400) per month. Still, some of the Old rules are too well-informed to change. New system won’t apply You can find more information here the Paris Opera, Comédie Française, nor fishermen, lawyers or the “liberal professions” (Doctors, dentists, and architects are just a few of the many).
For everyone else, however, the The unions are rising up. France’s leading trade unions carry political and social muscle far beyond anything wielded by their American counterparts. You can find them at the At the same time Macron It is not very common of the The same institutional persuasiveness that President Joe Biden used to call on Congress last month to stop a disastrous rail strike which was threatening to paralyze American commerce and transportation,
With the Peak of the He seems to have put the Covid-19 pandemic behind him and has won a second term as president (although his majority in parliament is now a minority). Macron It was evident that this moment was felt. the It is now that he can finally implement the long-awaited reforms.
This will be a difficult battle for him. France’s nationwide yellow vest protests four years ago were touched off by rising fuel prices, but quickly morphed into complaints against a far broader agenda. Particularly, the inflation that was fuelled by rising gas prices. the Your pocketbooks of Particularly difficult for retirees. The third rail of French politics has been long about pensions. retirement. It happens all too often the French people simply want to quit working.
“We have to be able to face reality and find solutions to preserve our social model,” Elizabeth Borne was the French Prime Minister. the Administration was framed as a compromise. His reelection campaign in last year was marred by the fact that he used compromise measures. Macron floated a retirement age of 65. He’s hoping that shaving a year off this number might make it at least a trifle more palatable. There’s a chance.
“Nothing justifies such a brutal reform,” Laurent Berger is the leader of the Modest CFDT union told reporters after the The reform plan was revealed. That’s one way of It’s amazing. In fact, the retirement age will be phased in quite gently – rising by just three months per year and not arriving at the age of 64 until 2030
None of This is Union leaders with any number of members are likely to be silenced of significant allies across France’s vast political spectrum – all of They see retirement As a means to extricate Macron’s second and last five-year term.
“The French can count on our determination to block this unfair reform,” said Marine Le Pen, leader of the Far-right National Rally Party, who Macron Inleashed in the Presidential elections held last April. At the Others of the Mathilde Panot, spectrum the far-left France Insoumise (France Unbowed) party tweeted This the The plan was “archaic, unfair, brutal, cruel.”
Now, however, the battle is on. That’s some model for America and its unions at the debut of A new budget-conscious Congress. Not to mention the European Union, poised for success the brink of a recession.