DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Many of the golfers had wandered away one afternoon last week, seeking lunch or refuge from the Emirati sun or something besides the monotony of a Driving range

Ian Poulter, however, continued to swing, almost as consistent as his previous performances to It is hard to believe that almost all professional golfers are amateurs. in greater limbo.

Poulter, an experienced European Tour competitor for more than 20 years, has joined these players. LIV Golf, the breakaway circuit bankrolled by Saudi Arabia’s sovereign wealth fund, and faced punishment from the tour. Nearly eight months since the start of the rebel tournaments, arbitrators will be in place next week. in London will weigh the tour’s choice to discipline defectors.

This is the case a test for the golf establishment’s response to LIVThe, which guarantees certain players millions of dollars to Compete in a League that insists they are looking to Golf is being revived, but the skeptics see it as a Front to rehabilitate Saudi Arabia’s reputation. Executives and legal experts say, though, that the arbitrators’ decision could also ripple more broadly across global sports as athletes increasingly resist longstanding restrictions on where they compete and as wealthy Persian Gulf states look to use the world’s courses, fields and racetracks as avenues for their political and public-relations ambitions.

“The impacts of this case are potentially tremendous across all of international sport,” said Jeffrey G. Benz, a Arbitrator for sports in London isn’t involved in The golf case was examined and noted the opposition that other leagues or federations faced. to They made great efforts. to stymie potential rivals.

Although the issue that next week’s panel will consider is formally a narrow one, dealing only with the European Tour’s conflicting event policy, a ruling in Favoritism for the athletes could encourage like-minded, but cautious athletes to The universe is full of high-cash start-ups. The DP World Tour would win the victory and reinforce the type of rules marquee organizers have used over the decades to promote their sport. to Market power should be preserved. Whichever side wins, it will certainly claim victory as vindication of its approach to Professional sports.

“There’s the public opinion part, there’s the influence it might have on other athletes, there’s the influence it might have on other rich people who might think, ‘Hey, I’d really love to get into sports. Let’s put a group together and go attack name-the-sport,’” Jill Pilgrim a Former general counsel of the L.P.G.A. Columbia Law School now has a sports arbitrator class.

“They’re watching all of this,” Elle added.

Poulter, one of the European Tour players that played on June 18, was at the beginning of this golf case. in a LIV Golf tournament without the tour’s permission. Fearful of violating its television-rights sponsorship deals, the tour responded by imposing short suspensions and small fines. to The suspensions indefinitely imposed by the United States-based PGA Tour.

However, the players claim that they are contractors independent and deserve greater freedom. to Choose when, where and how they compete. An arbitrator paused the tour’s punishments last summer but did not rule on the substantive arguments that will go before this month’s panel. After a five-day closed-door hearing which begins Monday, the arbitrators will likely announce their decision within weeks.

The dispute in London is distinct from litigation in California includes LIV Golf. Similar problems have occasionally surfaced in Connection to Those proceedings will not be tried, however the American Law Courts will evaluate them.

It’s unlikely the American legal system will give much thought to this. to The ruling was made by London lawyers. Paul Greene a Maine lawyer, who works with international sports cases has predicted that European Tour would become one. “where the loser will run away from it and say it doesn’t matter to the U.S. case.”

With a result in Although the United States may seem distant, London’s case could have a lot to do. to As players think about whether they want to play in the future, it will shape how you see the next months. to join LIV The European Tour and Golf scrambles to Its interests should be protected

It is not the only sport that golf can be played to Recently, legal concerns over competitions and limits have been a major issue. The speed skating sport has suffered. in Many years of legal dispute tied to An upstart circuit in South Korea. Und last month. a federal judge in San Francisco ruled for swimming’s international governing body in These cases are related to a A potential competitor is supported by a European business magnate.

Officials from the European Tour were recently inspected a December opinion from an advocate general at the European Union’s Court of Justice who argued that soccer’s governing bodies were allowed to If teams help to develop, they could be subject to penalties a New competition “would risk undermining” The federations

Although the advocate general’s views are not binding on the court — or the London arbitration panel — tour executives appear to Check out the opinion. in a Matter related to As a result, the European Super League proposal was dissolved almost immediately after word became public. It had legal reasons that could be applied. in The case for golf.

Following rulings which have supported leagues or federations in the past, a Victory for golfers could be “certainly give confidence to anyone looking to set up this kind of at least initially unauthorized tournament,” Mark James a Manchester Metropolitan University, Professor of Sports Law in Britain.

European Tour Case includes 13 players. Martin Kaymer was previously ranked No. 1 in All over the globe.

Poulter was the winner in a tie for sixth in The Dubai Desert Classic, which ended Monday, was a Frontman of the case since its inception, making him one of the best Ryder Cup players his generation. a Face of a It was a difficult legal battle. Among European golf’s brashest, most distinctive voices, Poulter acknowledged at the first LIV He wasn’t sure what the tour would do in response to this tournament to His choice.

Poulter declined to Last week was interviewed by be, who argued that it wasn’t that much different playing on the new circuit from other games. a A long and distinguished career that has seen many appearances on tours.

“I’ve held multiple cards, and I’ve played on numerous tours at numerous times and played plenty of events around the world, and that is what I’m continuing to do,” He said in June was when he said that golfers are his greatest friends. “always want to play for as much as possible.”

Some players believe that after many years of moaning and winks the European Tour or PGA Tour had begun to enforce their rules. James, Professor in Britain, said the London case’s outcome could hinge on whether the European Tour can articulate “objectively reasonable grounds for treating LIV differently to the other professional tours for which the players are generally granted permission” to appear.

The players seem to be to It is possible, but it’s doubtful.

“There is no difference whether I’m on the PGA Tour or on LIV: I’ve always played two tours,” Patrick Reed won the Masters Tournament in 2018. in Interview in Dubai, as he was a LIV Golf hat. “So all these guys saying that you can’t basically double-dip, you can’t — What’s that cake phrase they love to use? Make your own cake and eat it, or something like that? — well, Rory, myself, all these guys have played on multiple tours.”

Reed was the runner up in Dubai behind Rory McIlroy, who has been one of the establishment’s most ferocious defenders, noted that it was only in 2019 that he received an honorary life membership for the European Tour — at a tournament in Saudi Arabia, no less. As the hearing approached, he said that he couldn’t do much but try. to Concentrate on your game.

“We’re going to have to wait and see how the hearing goes and see how everything transpires,” Reed spoke on the driving range. “The only thing I can really focus on is golf and letting the lawyers deal with all of that.”

He smiled.

“There are two things you’d love to come into right now: an attorney and a sports agent,” He stated, “because both of them have been doing really well with LIV joining and being a part of it.”