With House Speaker Mike Johnson (R-La.) swearing he won’t enable a House vote on a Senate-passed invoice to supply Ukraine with tens of billions of {dollars} in weaponry to battle off a Russian invasion, supporters of help to the nation ― who make up a transparent majority of Congress ― are in search of options.

The choice that’s been talked about most is a so-called discharge petition, signed by a majority of House members to power a flooring vote. However the historical past of discharge petitions exhibits they’re far simpler to speak about than truly execute. Nonetheless, it might show to be one of the best out there choice to get the Ukranians wanted weaponry.

“It’s a dreadfully slow, cumbersome, and brittle process that is not well suited for anything dynamic or urgent,” mentioned Liam Donovan, a former Republican Hill staffer and a accomplice at lobbying agency Bracewell LLP.

The Senate cleared the $95.5 billion bill early Tuesday morning after working by the weekend on it. It could present about $60 billion in help to Ukraine, principally by funding alternative gear for present U.S. weapons despatched to Ukraine and for Ukraine to purchase new weapons.

Funds would even be supplied for Israel ― to help stepped-up U.S. navy exercise within the area, humanitarian help to Gaza, and for beefing up Taiwan’s protection.

The Senate vote was 70 to 29, with 26 Republicans, two Democrats and one impartial voting towards it.

There’s little doubt (even amongst opponents of Ukraine help) that the invoice would simply move the House if Johnson introduced it up for a vote.

“If it were to get to the floor, it would pass — let’s just be frank about that,” admitted Rep. Andy Biggs (R-Ariz.), a member of the far-right House Freedom Caucus and an opponent of help to Ukraine, on “The John Fredericks Show” on Tuesday morning.

Regardless of the clear help, Johnson doubled down Tuesday, insisting he wouldn’t take the invoice up on the ground, regardless of its bipartisan margin within the Senate and the opportunity of an analogous tally if the House voted on it.

“The House has to work its will on this. There’s a deliberative process, and we’re engaged in that,” Johnson told Fox News.

“I certainly oppose it and hope it would not be considered,” he mentioned of a discharge petition.

Ukraine supporters have requested Johnson to rethink his place. Ukrainian troops within the jap a part of the nation are in danger of losing their first significant piece of territory, a city named Avdiivka, since Bahkmut final spring amid reviews of ammo shortages and an artillery advantage favoring Russians.

“The fate of the Ukrainian people and the security of America’s allies in Europe is now in the hands of Speaker Johnson. If he allows a vote, this aid package for Ukraine will pass,” mentioned Scott Cullinane, director of presidency affairs for advocacy group Razom for Ukraine.

“There are still a majority of Republicans in Congress who remember and follow President Reagan’s doctrine of peace through strength and helping our country’s allies defend freedom and democracy.”

As a result of Johnson leads the Republicans, and the GOP holds a 219 to 212 edge within the variety of members within the House, the Senate invoice won’t come to the ground with out Johnson’s blessing, or until it’s modified in some method to make it extra palatable to the GOP.

Johnson might enable the invoice on the ground, however require a two-thirds majority for it to move, as he has performed not too long ago with payments he’s supported however have been blocked by his fellow Republicans. However that would additional antagonize anti-Ukraine members of his personal occasion who then might attempt to oust him, as occurred together with his predecessor, former Rep. Kevin McCarthy.

In principle, discharge petitions are a means round such impasses. In observe, although, they take weeks to make use of and have hardly ever labored.

Since 1996, solely two payments have made it to the House flooring by a discharge petition — a 2015 invoice to reauthorize the Export-Import Financial institution, and in 2002, a marketing campaign finance measure named for the late Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) and Sen. Russ Feingold (D-Wis.). Each went on to turn into regulation.

Often discharge petitions are began by members of the minority occasion with the hope of getting all of their fellow occasion members and a handful of the bulk to signal on and supply the 218 signatures wanted. However signing the opposite occasion’s petition dangers angering occasion colleagues and leaders.

And that’s not all. Beneath House guidelines, the invoice the discharge petition can be making an attempt to get free of being bottled up in a committee has to have been in that committee for no less than 30 “legislative days.” That features solely days the House meets, which implies it might be longer than 30 calendar days.

With a potential debt default looming final yr, Democrats cooked up an effort to attempt to supercharge a discharge petition timetable by having it aimed toward a invoice that had already been referred to a number of committees for greater than 30 days. However utilizing that petition for Ukraine would have its personal points.

Donovan mentioned forcing the Senate invoice onto the ground might take no less than 40 days utilizing a brand new discharge petition, and utilizing the petition initially arrange for the debt restrict would imply sending the invoice again to the Senate for closing passage, which might additionally add time.

“In other words, it’s a terrible option that may eventually prove to be the cleanest dirty shirt,” he mentioned. Donovan famous another choice for giving help to Ukraine could also be forthcoming negotiations over tips on how to keep away from a authorities shutdown: “The big question in the meantime is how the House deals with regular appropriations, and whether these conversations can be merged.”

Former GOP Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-Sick.), a Ukraine supporter, mentioned in a social media post the quickest strategy to power House motion can be for Ukraine supporters to do what conservative House Republicans have been doing for a while: threaten to maintain different payments from the ground till there’s a vote on Ukraine.

“Only three or four House Republicans have to agree to take down every rule until that agreement is made and it’s iron-clad,” he mentioned. “The best analogy I use is if everybody in a room has a hand grenade, the one that’s willing to actually pull the pin and drop the grenade is the most powerful of all these grenade-wielding people.”