Alejandra Caraballo has a history of seeing hateful comments about transgender people.

L.G.B.T.Q. rights advocate and a transgender woman, she has received death threats, and her and her family members’ personal information has been published. She often wonders what she would do in a shooting situation when she goes to New York’s favorite bar.

But it was too much for last weekend. Proud Boys members, and other extremists groups, were many of them armed. converged Outside a planned drag show in Columbus, Ohio. Neo-Nazis protested Another event was held in Lakeland Fla. Another event in Lakeland, Fla. an anti-L.G.B.T.Q. rally in South FloridaThe Proud Boys were also present at the event. All of this just two weeks after the killing of five people — two of them transgender, a third gay — at an L.G.B.T.Q. club in Colorado Springs.

“I had a full panic attack and breakdown,” Ms. Caraballo was a clinical instructor at Harvard Law School’s Cyberlaw Clinic. “It’s one thing knowing there’s this extremist hate on the internet and seeing it in the abstract, and I can kind of compartmentalize. When this hate becomes manifested in real-life violence and there’s a celebration of it, is when it becomes too much to stomach.”

It was just one month more in a year of intimidation, violence and harassment against gays and transgender people. Americans has spread — driven heavily, extremism experts say, by inflammatory political messaging.

Since far-right social media activists began attacking Boston Children’s Hospital over the summer for providing care for transgender children, the hospital has received repeated bomb threats. Doctors who perform similar work across the country have been harassed. A man from Texas was charged by the Justice Department with threatening to kill a Boston doctor. It also recently charged at most two others With threats of anti-gay and anti-transgender violence.

Twelve times as Numerous anti-L.G.B.T.Q. incidents Many anti-L.G.B.T.Q. incidents have occurred documented This year as According to the Armed Conflict Location and Event Data Project which tracks political violence, 2020 is predicted.

“Being a trans person in particular in this country right now is walking around thinking that it’s possible this could happen any day,” Sam Ames, director of advocacy at the Trevor Project (an L.G.B.T.Q. ), said that. Adding, “We are hearing every day from trans youth who are being impacted by that political rhetoric.”

An increase in threats has been accompanied a more vitriolic politics.

Conservatives have been accustomed over the years to compare transgender individuals and their allies with pedophiles and to make gender identity discussion with them. “grooming” children for sexual abuse — part of an intensifying push, reminiscent of campaigns against gay rights dating back to the 1970s, to turn increasing visibility of transgender Americans To create a political wedge

Christina Pushaw was a spokeswoman of Gov. Ron DeSantis called the ban An “anti-grooming bill.” Ted Cruz of Texas is Senator accused President Biden You can support “genital mutilation of children.” Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene, Georgia declared That “communist groomers” Wanted to “allow a for-profit medical industry to chop off these confused children’s genitals.”

Representatives for Mr. Cruz and Ms. Greene — both of whose comments falsely characterized the treatment transgender minors receive — did not respond to requests for comment. Ms. Pushaw stated, “My tweet did not mention transgender people.”

Conservatives say they are trying to protect children from irreversible treatments and ensure women’s sports remain fair; in midterm election ads, right-wing groups argued that transition care amounted to “radical gender experiments” And that transgender athletes would be able to compete on teams that reflect their gender identity. “destroy girls’ sports.” (The transgender children receive the following treatments: endorsed by medical associations And have been shown to reduce suicide risk, and few transgender women and girls seek to participate in women’s and girls’ sports.)

Wes Anderson, a Republican pollster said that he believes those arguments could pose a threat to the country. “liability” for Democrats — though, he said, they were far from priorities for voters this year.

Experts on political violence claim that incendiary language has increased the likelihood of attacks.

“We know that they are animated by what they’re seeing in online spaces,” Oren Segal, the vice president of the Anti-Defamation League’s Center on Extremism, said of anti-L.G.B.T.Q. attackers. “Those online narratives, the propaganda that is disseminated by these bad actors, is informed and often legitimized by other voices in our public discussion, whether it’s elected officials or others.”

Anti-L.G.B.T.Q. has used the false specter that child abuse is a common tactic. Campaigns to Attract “people who otherwise would not join what they consider a homophobic movement,” Eric Gonzaba, assistant professor of American Studies at California State University, Fullerton, is co-chair of The Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual. Transgender History.

It became popular 45 years ago when Anita Bryant, the singer, founded Save Our Children. Gay people are accused of “recruiting” The group, which included children, persuaded voters to repeal an anti-discrimination law in Miami-Dade County (Fla.), months after it was passed. The movement then went national.

“Her rhetoric was almost always about the sexualized danger of gay men against children,” Tina Fetner, McMaster University professor of sociology, said that she was proud to be a part of this initiative. has studied L.G.B.T.Q. was shaped by the religious right activism. “That’s ‘grooming.’ They have a new term for it now, but it’s the same rhetoric.”

In 1992, two ballot measures attempted to ban similar antidiscrimination protections. One of the measures, which was passed in Colorado, failed to pass. was struck down by the Supreme Court. The other — which would have forbidden Oregon to promote “homosexuality, pedophilia, sadism or masochism” Requirements “a standard for Oregon’s youth which recognizes that these behaviors are abnormal, wrong, unnatural and perverse” — did not pass.

These tactics are used because they work politically. However, historical and current events indicate that these tactics have limits.

Ms. Bryant’s group stoked a backlash that temporarily blocked anti-discrimination laws, but did not stop society’s gradual movement toward accepting gay Americans. History says it even galvanized L.G.B.T.Q. People to organize more forcefully.

“There’s just incredible resilience and resistance that come out of these moments of hatred and vilification,” said Jen Manion, a professor of history and of sexuality, women’s and gender studies at Amherst College.

Republicans underperformed in this year’s midterms, and several candidates who focused on transgender issues did poorly. Tudor Dixon leaned hard on them but lost the Michigan governor’s race by double digits. The American Principles Project is a super PAC. spent about $15 million in related ads in contests that Republicans also lost largely. (Representatives from Ms. Dixon didn’t comment, and the president of the super PAC was not available for interview.

In a postelection memo, Paul Cordes, chief of staff for the Michigan Republican Party, blasted Ms. Dixon’s campaign and backers for running “more ads on transgender sports than inflation, gas prices and bread and butter issues that could have swayed independent voters.”

Jim Hobart, a Republican pollster, said transgender sports participation simply wasn’t a priority for voters.

“This is not the type of issue that helps Republicans win elections,” Mr. Hobart stated.

Conservative commentators have, however, continued to be focused on it. Tucker Carlson a guest on his Fox News show after the Colorado shooting who said violence would continue unless transgender advocates’ “evil agenda” stopped. Matt Walsh is the commentator told His 1.2 Million Twitter followers were people who are “soulless demons” They could denounce the attackers if they respond to it. “who don’t think children should be exposed to drag shows.” (Many drag performances aren’t sexual.)

In the days following the shooting at the Colorado nightclub, Facebook users had interactions with posts that were public. “pedophiles” Interactions with posts mentioning increased 613 per cent “groomers” It rose to 74 percent according to the Institute for Strategic DialogueA think tank.

After removing books discussing gender identity from local libraries for a year, more than 15 state bills were passed and Texas opened abuse investigations against parents of children who received transition care. Now, lawmakers are working on more anti-LGBTQ legislation. The next year will bring more anti-L.G.B.T.Q. bills.

Many people focus on transitional care for minors. Others would restrict adult care to 21-year-olds. Others would ban drag shows.

Pre-filed Montana bill titled “Prohibit minors from attending drag shows,” This video gives a glimpse into what these legislative discussions might look like.

“To put forward a bill targeting drag shows right after a mass shooting at a club that hosts drag-queen story hours is to further stoke the hate that is going to get my community killed,” Zooey Zphyr, a Democrat recently elected, said: as Montana’s first transgender legislator. She stated that her friends had committed suicide in the two years prior to Montana legislators voting to change their laws. restrict transgender sports participation And tried unsuccessfully to restrict transition careThat was because other state employees had left.

Ms. Zephyr stated that she has spoken to several Republicans about not wanting to see bills on transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals. One, State Representative Mallerie Stromswold, said in an interview that she found her party’s focus on these issues “disheartening.”

The bill’s sponsor, State Representative Braxton Mitchell, a Republican, responded to a request for comment by asking why it was “all of the sudden a critical requirement for someone in drag to be in every school,” He would not give an example of an official request for it. He described drag shows as Adult entertainment. While some are entertaining, others are not. “story hours” Performers read books.

GLAAD is an advocacy group. identified 124 protests and threats This year, we are against drag events. Many were targeted after they were made public on right-wing social networks.

Based on historical data, many scholars predicted that anti-transgender campaign will fade in the long-term.

“I think it’s unlikely that attitudes are going to become more negative over time,” Professor Fetner stated. “That hasn’t been the pattern for any discriminatory attitude.”

However, these effects are short-term.

When they have L.G.B.T.Q., people tend to be more open-minded. individuals. But Lindsey Clark, the deputy director for the Human Rights Campaign’s Transgender Justice Initiative, who is transgender, and nonbinary, said that it was hard for transgender people not to reach out, even though doing so could place them in danger.

Jay Brown, the Human Rights Campaign’s senior vice president of programs, research and training, said, “We need to hurry up history.”