OTTAWA — Prime Minister Justin Trudeau Canada will be present at an inquiry on Friday to His February decision was confirmed by his witnesses to invoke Canada’s Emergencies Act for the first time in the nation’s history, after a convoy of truckers protesting Covid vaccine mandates blockaded and paralyzed the streets of downtown Ottawa, the capital.

Mr. Trudeau’s appearance will close six weeks of testimony in the public inquiry, a mandatory investigation when the Emergencies Act It is invoked.

To some Canadians, invoking the act was an overreach and an abuse of the government’s powers. Others thought it was a necessary and appropriate step. to Stop a protest that shut down Ottawa and left residents feeling threatened.

In the beginning of this month, Mr. Trudeau The act was used, he said. “a measure of last resort.”

He also added: “That’s why it was time limited, it was restricted and restrained, it was proportional and it got the job done.”

After 17 days’ worth of protests and blockades, three border crossings were closed. One bridge was also closed from Detroit. This act empowers authorities to You must take decisive steps to Quell the protests.

The federal government frozen the bank accounts of around 280 protesters, prohibited public gatherings, and forced reluctant tow truck operator to beg. to Work with the police to enable the federal police to Support provincial and municipal forces to Clear the streets

It’s unclear what the outcome of the inquiry will be, beyond its examination of the events that led Mr. Trudeau’s government to The act is all that’s required by law.

Justice Paul Rouleau of Ontario Court of Appeal, which is overseeing this inquiry, is however required to His findings must be submitted by February 20, and it was made very clear that he wasn’t there during the first day. to You can judge the prime minister, or anyone else.

“While inquiries seek to uncover the truth, they are not trials,” He stated. “Questions of civil and criminal liability are decided by courts and not commissions.”

As in a Parliamentary committee hearing that came before this inquiry, no significant revelations have emerged from the testimony of 75 witnesses, demonstrators and public officials, or the 7,388 documents made public by the commission in recent weeks — though they have confirmed much that was suspected, or obvious, in February.

The 15 organizers and supporters who testified, many of whom will appear in court next year on criminal charges, described their mutual suspicions of each other’s motives and a protest that lacked any obvious coordination or common goals.

Police officers, including the head of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, recounted a widespread lack of faith in Ottawa’s Police Department, the force in charge of policing the city’s streets, and Peter Sloly, the city’s police chief who resigned in the middle of the blockade.

Ottawa residents complained about their sleeplessness due to the constant truck air horn blaring, harassment by convoy members, and loss of business. Documents showed that there was a pattern of finger-pointing between the federal government officials and the provincial police officers. Each accused the other of inaction as frustration grew over the prolonged standoff.

James Bauder, head of Canada Unity, testified that it was his hope to be able to participate in the election. to persuade the governor general, Queen Elizabeth II’s representative as head of state at the time, and the Senate, an appointed body, to Take Mr. Trudeau From the office “committing treason and crimes against humanity.”

Bauder, who now faces multiple criminal charges for his actions, has repeatedly stated that none of the convoy members called for violence, and that the blockade was an act. “love and unity.”

Others accused protesters of having more selfish motives.

“I got the distinct impression from some others that they were trying to get their hands on what, at that point, was $10 million in donations,” Keith Wilson, Tamara Lich’s lawyer and organizer, testified. Wilson is the lawyer who represented Tamara Lich. He claimed that he witnessed many people trying unsuccessfully to organize protests, and that he was able to witness them all. to You can take charge of the protest.

Ms. Lich is currently awaiting trial for criminal charges. to Her role in the protest.

This inquiry revealed how the relations between governments became more fractious with frustration growing among politicians, who are banned under the Canadian system. to You can contact the police

These are notes from a telephone conversation between Mr. Trudeau and Ottawa’s mayor at the time, the prime minister is quoted as saying that Doug Ford, the premier of Ontario, the government ultimately in charge of policing the city’s streets, “has been hiding from his responsibility on it for political reasons.”

According to The notes, Mr. Trudeau added: “Important we don’t let them get away from that.”

But Mario Di Tommaso, Ontario’s deputy solicitor general, told the inquiry that it was the province’s view that Mr. Trudeau’s federal government was shirking responsibility.

“This question was all about, from my perception, the federal government wanting to wash its hands of this entire thing,” He testified. (Mr. Ford successfully argued that he could take advantage of parliamentary privilege in court to Not to testify. Mr. Trudeau This right may be waived voluntarily.

Mr. Trudeau may be the commission’s last hope for determining if the government in fact acted properly when it invoked the act. The legislation was adopted. to Prime Minister Pierre Elliott replaced a 1970 law with a new one TrudeauThe father of the current prime minster, was kidnapped by a terrorist group from Quebec and taken hostage by a British diplomat. A provincial cabinet minister was also kidnapped. He was later assassinated.

Pierre Elliott committed what was widely regarded as an abuse of human right rights. Trudeau We defeated the extremists by sending soldiers into Canadian cities and restricting civil liberties. Nearly 500 people were detained and arrested without any charges.

Justin is a member of civil liberties groups. Trudeau’s use of the Emergencies Act was also an abuse of the government’s powers. The occupation of downtown Ottawa by several hundred trucks, and other vehicles, effectively shut down the city for 25 days. It also closed offices and businesses in the region, as well as a major shopping mall. Many members of Parliament received threats and additional security was provided. to “put a bullet” In the head of Chrystia Freiland, the deputy prime Minister.

Inquiry heard that the blockade at Windsor, Ontario interfered with trade worth approximately 4 billion Canadian Dollars with the United States. It almost stalled negotiations that eventually led to to Multibillion-dollar investments made in Canada’s manufacturing sector.

According to the current law, the government can only invoke the measure when there is a need. “public order emergency,” as provided in another law governing Canada’s Security Intelligence Service.

In one of the inquiry’s more contradictory moments, David Vigneault, the director of the intelligence agency, initially told the committee during an interview before the hearings that the blockades in Ottawa and elsewhere were not a threat to National security

But he was not there. to As witnesses, Mr. Vigneault indicated that, despite all that, he recommended that Mr. Trudeau Use the emergency law.

“The regular tools were just not enough to address the situation,” He stated.