BANGKOK – At a meeting, threats to stability and peace were raised. summit Leaders from the Pacific Rim on Friday, Bangkok North Korea Intercontinental ballistic missile fired missile The aircraft landed in the vicinity of Japanese territorial waters.
The missile The test served as a stark reminder of the risks of conflict in the region, and further afield, along with frictions between the major powers that threaten to destabilize the global order.
Kamala Harris, the US Vice President, and leaders from South Japan KoreaCanada, Australia, and New Zealand held an emergency meeting to discuss the missile launch.
“This conduct by North Korea most recently is a brazen violation of multiple UN security resolutions. It destabilizes security in the region, and unnecessarily raises tensions,” Harris said, according to a draft transcript of her remarks.
“We strongly condemn these actions and we again call for North Korea to stop further unlawful, destabilizing acts,” she said.
North Korea is under United Nations sanctions for past weapons displays but has not faced fresh sanctions this year because US attempts were opposed by China and Russia in the security council.
A Thai government spokesperson said leaders also expressed concern about the missile in Friday morning’s closed-door meetings of the Asia-Pacific economic cooperation forum.
The 21-member APEC’s long-term mission is promoting closer economic ties but its summits often are sidetracked by other, more urgent issues.
“Geopolitical tensions are detracting from peace and stability and undermining the rules-based international order, which we all agree are essential,” Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese told the opening session of the meeting.
“The circumstances we face today as economic leaders, multiple overlapping global crises, could not be more pressing as they inundate our region,” Albanese said.
At the meeting, leaders appealed for an end to Russia’s war on Ukraine and considered strategies for nursing along economic recoveries from the coronavirus pandemic while contending with food and energy crises, the need to cut the carbon emissions that cause climate change and other urgent tasks.
At a business conference on the sidelines of APEC, French President Emmanuel Macron called for an end to confrontation, both in Ukraine and also in Asia, where he said friction between the biggest economies, the US and China, was forcing countries to take sides.
“There is no stability or peace except one based on international order and respect,” said Macron, who was invited to the APEC summit as a guest by the host country, Thailand.
The rise of Asia to become an engine for global growth owes its success to trade “governed by common rules, global rules,” Macron said, saying multiple crises may have taken the world to a “tipping point.”
In her remarks to the business conference, Harris assured Asian leaders “the United States is here to stay” She positioned Washington as an economic partner that was committed to the region’s prosperity and security.
“And there is no better economic partner for this region than the United States of America,” Harris said.
After the summits of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in Cambodia last week and the Group of 20 top economies which concluded Wednesday in Indonesia, the APEC gathering marks the third consecutive meeting of world leaders.
Prime Minister Prayuth Cha-ocha was the host and sought to incorporate sustainability into APEC’s agenda.
“We need to change our ways of life and ways of doing business,” Prayuth said in opening the leaders’ meeting on Friday focused on sustainable economic growth.
It was unclear if Thailand would manage to produce a final joint statement at the summit’s end. APEC, whose members include Russia and China, generally operates on the basis of consensus. None of the earlier preparatory meetings this year issued statements due to disagreements over whether to mention the conflict in Ukraine.
However, leaders of the Group of 20 did manage a show of unity when China and India, after months of refusing to condemn Russia’s war in Ukraine, did not block the release of a statement that harshly criticized Moscow.
With both US President Joe Biden and Russian President Vladimir Putin absent, Chinese President Xi Jinping was the star attendee in Bangkok.
Speaking on Thursday to the business conference, which was largely closed to media apart from outlets sponsoring the event, Xi warned against a “new Cold War” Supply chains are being dismantled and attempted to be broken down over decades.
He called for strengthened cooperation and progress in achieving APEC’s vision of an open Asia-Pacific economy.
Nearly four out of 10 people in the world are APEC members, and nearly half of all global trade is conducted by them. Much of APEC’s work is technical and incremental, carried out by senior officials and ministers, covering areas such as trade, forestry, health, food, security, small and medium-size enterprises and women’s empowerment.
Brunei, Chile and Hong Kong are also APEC members.
Thailand, in addition to inviting the French president, also invited Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman from Saudi Arabia and Cambodian Prime Min Hun Sen. They were both supposed to represent Asean. However, he is not attending since he was given Covid-19.
The summit venue, at Bangkok’s main convention center, was cordoned off with some streets closed to traffic. Riot police stood guard behind barricades at a major intersection, underscoring Thailand’s determination to ensure no disruptions.
Protesters were stopped from gathering in large numbers at another place on Friday after a brawl with police.