Iranian rights activists and lawyers have reported that hundreds of minors have been detained for their participation in the protests calling to social freedom and political changes. Over 50 have also died in the crackdown. Iranian officials claim that the average age of protesters in Iran is 15.

The targeting of young people occurs amid a larger crackdown against protesters. According to the U.N., 14,000 people have been detained. Rights activists and lawyers estimate that 500 to 1000 minors are being held in detention. However, it is unclear how many are being held as adults in prison.

Children in juvenile detention facilities are forced to attend behavior therapy under supervision of a psychologist and a cleric. They are told that they have committed sins and must admit it, according to rights activists and lawyers. Lawyers said that sometimes they were given psychiatric medication after refusing to receive behavioral treatment.

Analysis: “What makes these protests different is children are much more visibly present, displaying a bold determination to defy the establishment and ask for a better future for themselves,” Diana Eltahawy of Amnesty International. “And they are using all the tools of repression at their disposal to crack down on them.”

President Biden and Xi Jinping, China’s top leader, met in person for the first time as national leaders yesterday with a tone of mutual engagement that acknowledged that both their countries faced challenges from global conflict and economic headwinds. Despite increasing tensions, they adopted a more friendly approach and greeted each other as old friends, despite the growing tensions.

They agreed to disagree on whether they wanted conflict between the superpowers. And they pledged to work harder to restore a fraught relationship. But none of that hid their deeply divergent views, on matters including the future of Taiwan, military rivalry, technology restrictions and China’s mass detentions of its citizens.

Both were in Bali to attend the G20 summit. They arrived at moments of political success. Biden had better-than-expected results in the midterm elections for his party; Xi with a third term as leader of the Communist Party. Both countries’ national interests have been compromised by the pandemic, war in Ukraine, and economic crisis.

Quotable: “We’re going to compete vigorously, but I’m not looking for conflict,” Biden said. “I’m looking to manage this competition responsibly.”

Pandemic: Hun Sen (the Cambodian prime minister) has canceled his trip to Bali because he was positive for Covid-19. In the three days since his test, Hun Sen had met with more then a dozen world leaders including Justin Trudeau, Canada’s prime minister, and NarendraModi, India’s prime minister.

Plans: Antony Blinken is the U.S. secretary for state and will be visiting China next year to continue their follow-up meetings.

Kherson, which is celebrating its liberation from Russian occupation after eight months, has been flooded with disturbing reports of torture and abuse by Russian soldiers. People are finally free to speak, as Kherson celebrates this new liberation. In keeping with other war crimes allegations in Ukraine, residents also reported missing persons and murders.

One woman described Russian soldiers’ threatening her with violence, including electric shocks, before a plastic bag was thrown over her head and she was dragged to a car. She said that she was beaten and interrogated in an underground prison.

Others have described being taken to underground torture rooms, sometimes for posting patriotic poems or watching random outbursts like Russian soldiers smashing young male faces and sending them off to the hospital. Residents said that those suspected of being part of a partisan underground organization were particularly at risk.

Details: Ukrainian officials claimed that Russians kidnapped over 600 people and that many of them are still missing.

High morale Volodymyr Zelensky, the president of Ukraine, visited the reclaimed town. “This is the beginning of the end of the war,” He spoke to hundreds of people, many of whom were wrapped in Ukrainian flags.

To compensate for changes in the speed of the Earth’s rotation, metrologists in 1972 began occasionally inserting an extra second — a leap second — to the end of an atomic day.

Now, the world’s time mavens are making a bold proposal: to abandon the leap second by 2035. Civilization would embrace atomic-time, and the difference between Earth and atomic time would be ignored until timekeepers devise a better way to reconcile the two.

Ronaldo’s endgame is obvious: Manchester United star Has claimed to feel “betrayed” and made it clear that he views Old Trafford as an institution with five stars. He wants out.

N.F.L.’s Germany debut: Tom Brady called Sunday’s game in Munich one of the best football experiences he’d had. Renditions “Take Me Home, Country Roads” And “Sweet Caroline” Nearly 70,000 people were able to belt out the experience.

The Times Qatar officials demanded that beer tents at stadiums be relocated in order to make it easier for the World Cup opening games.

Liberté, égalité, millinery: Paris 2024 Summer Olympic Games revealed its mascots and they are hats.

When David Yaffe-Bellany, a reporter for The Times, spoke in April with Ramnik Arora, then an executive at FTX, he was regaled with wild tales of how Sam Bankman-Fried, the cryptocurrency exchange’s founder, had failed to format his slide decks and had delivered presentations while playing video games. “When I spoke with Arora in April, this was all presented to me as: Our founder is a genius!” David said.

In the space of a few days, Bankman-Fried has gone from maverick industry leader to industry villain; has lost most of his fortune; and has watched his $32 billion company, once the world’s second-largest cryptocurrency exchange, plunge into bankruptcy and became the target of U.S. government investigations. (The company’s investors are also coming under scrutiny.)

After a run on deposits, the exchange suffered a $8 billion loss. The industry has been affected by the damage, which has destabilized other crypto companies as well as sowed widespread distrust in the technology.

Major questions still remain, such as whether FTX improperly used billions of dollars of customers’ funds to prop up Alameda Research, a trading firm that Bankman-Fried also founded.

Bankman Fried sounded surprising calm during a Sunday interview with David. “You would’ve thought that I’d be getting no sleep right now, and instead I’m getting some,” The founder of FTX said it. “It could be worse.”

That’s it for today’s briefing. Thank you for being here. — Natasha

P.S. “Drop everything”How Times reporters cover unexpected deaths of public figures.

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